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Income and Employment in the United States

What this map layer shows:

Estimated total personal income, number of jobs, average wage per job, estimated per capita personal income, and estimated per capita number of jobs, between 1979 and 2008.
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Background Information
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The Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA), part of the U.S. Department of Commerce, collects, analyzes, and publishes economic data. Among the many statistics compiled by BEA are estimated total personal income, the average annual number of full-time and part-time jobs, the average wage per job, and estimated per capita personal income.

BEA conducts research and analysis, develops and implements methods of estimation, and produces economic statistics. Its work enables government and business decision-makers, researchers, and the American public to follow and understand the performance of the Nation's economy. In addition, these economic statistics are key ingredients in critical decisions affecting monetary policy, tax and budget projections, and business investment plans. These map layers were compiled by the National Atlas of the United States® from information provided by BEA.

The total personal income of an area is all the income that is received by, or on behalf of, the residents of a particular area. It is the sum of wage and salary payments, other labor income, proprietors' income with inventory valuation and capital consumption adjustments, rental income of persons with capital consumption adjustment, personal dividend income, personal interest income, and transfer payments to persons, minus personal contributions for social insurance (Social Security, Medicare, Medicaid, etc.) BEA collects this statistic for States and counties.

The average annual number of full-time and part-time jobs includes all jobs for which wages and salaries are paid, except jury and witness service and paid employment of prisoners. Full-time and part-time jobs are counted at equal weight, and employees, sole proprietors, and active partners are all included. Unpaid family workers and volunteers are not included. BEA collects this statistic for States and counties.

The average wage per job is the wage and salary disbursements divided by the number of wage and salary jobs in the county. Wage and salary disbursements consist of the monetary remuneration of employees, including the compensation of corporate officers; commissions, tips, and bonuses; and receipts-in-kind, or pay-in-kind, such as the meals furnished to the employees of restaurants. It reflects the amount of payments disbursed, but not necessarily earned during the year. BEA collects this statistic for counties.

Per capita personal income is calculated as the personal income of the residents of a given area divided by the resident population of the area. The personal income of an area is all the income that is received by, or on behalf of, the residents of a particular area, and is the sum of wage and salary payments, other labor income, proprietors' income with inventory valuation and capital consumption adjustments, rental income of persons with capital consumption adjustment, personal dividend income, personal interest income, and transfer payments to persons, minus personal contributions for social insurance (Social Security, Medicare, Medicaid, etc.) BEA collects this statistic for States and counties.

Per capita number of jobs is calculated as the average annual number of full-time and part-time jobs in a county divided by the resident population of the county. This statistic is not collected by BEA but was calculated using the statistics available from BEA on population and number of jobs.

All State and local area dollar estimates are in current dollars, not adjusted for inflation. In computing per capita personal income and per capita number of jobs, the Census Bureau's annual midyear population estimates were used.

The Income and Employment in the United States map layers show estimated total personal income, number of jobs, average wage per job, estimated per capita personal income, and per capita number of jobs, for the United States, between 1979 and 2008. Statistics are reported by county. There are nine map layers; each layer includes statistics for years in which the county boundaries were the same, which were 1979-1981, 1982, 1983-1987, 1988, 1989-1990, 1991-1992, 1993-2001, 2002-2003, and 2004-2008. For additional economic statistics for the United States, see the BEA Home Page.