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Income and Employment in the United States, 1989-1990

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Frequently-anticipated questions:


What does this data set describe?

Title: Income and Employment in the United States, 1989-1990
Abstract:
This map layer portrays 1989 and 1990 estimates for total personal income, per capita personal income, annual number of full-time and part- time jobs, average wage per job in dollars, population, and per capita number of jobs, for counties in the United States.

Total personal income is all the income that is received by, or on behalf of, the residents of a particular area. It is calculated as the sum of wage and salary disbursements, other labor income, proprietors' income with inventory valuation and capital consumption adjustments, rental income of persons with capital consumption adjustment, personal dividend income, personal interest income, and transfer payments to persons, minus personal contributions for social insurance.

Per capita personal income is calculated as the total personal income of the residents of a county divided by the resident population of the county. The Census Bureau's annual midyear population estimates were used in the computation.

The average annual number of full-time and part-time jobs includes all jobs for which wages and salaries are paid, except jury and witness service and paid employment of prisoners. The jobs are counted at equal weight, and employees, sole proprietors, and active partners are all included. Unpaid family workers and volunteers are not included.

Average wage per job is the wage and salary disbursements divided by the number of wage and salary jobs in the county. Wage and salary disbursements consist of the monetary remuneration of employees, including the compensation of corporate officers; commissions, tips, and bonuses; and receipts in kind, or pay-in-kind, such as the meals furnished to the employees of restaurants. It reflects the amount of payments disbursed, but not necessarily earned during the year.

Per capita number of jobs is calculated as the average annual number of full-time and part-time jobs in a county divided by the resident population of the county. The Census Bureau's annual midyear population estimates were used in the computation.

All dollar estimates are in current dollars, not adjusted for inflation. The information in this map layer comes from the Regional Economic Information System (REIS) that is distributed by the Bureau of Economic Analysis, <http://www.bea.gov/>.

This is an updated version of the November 2004 map layer.

  1. How should this data set be cited?

    National Atlas of the United States, 200603, Income and Employment in the United States, 1989-1990: National Atlas of the United States, Reston, VA.

    Online Links:

  2. What geographic area does the data set cover?

    West_Bounding_Coordinate: 170
    East_Bounding_Coordinate: -64
    North_Bounding_Coordinate: 72
    South_Bounding_Coordinate: 17

  3. What does it look like?

  4. Does the data set describe conditions during a particular time period?

    Beginning_Date: 1989
    Ending_Date: 1990
    Currentness_Reference: Ground condition

  5. What is the general form of this data set?

  6. How does the data set represent geographic features?

    1. How are geographic features stored in the data set?

      Indirect_Spatial_Reference:
      U.S. Department of Commerce, 1987, Codes for the Identification of the States, the District of Columbia and the Outlying Areas of the United States, and Associated Areas (FIPS 5-2): Washington, DC, National Institute of Standards and Technology.

      U.S. Department of Commerce, 1990, Counties and Equivalent Entities of the United States, Its Possessions, and Associated Areas (FIPS 6-4): Washington, DC, National Institute of Standards and Technology.

      This is a Vector data set. It contains the following vector data types (SDTS terminology):
      • GT-polygon composed of chains (5972)

    2. What coordinate system is used to represent geographic features?

      Horizontal positions are specified in geographic coordinates, that is, latitude and longitude. Latitudes are given to the nearest 0.000278. Longitudes are given to the nearest 0.000278. Latitude and longitude values are specified in Decimal degrees.

      The horizontal datum used is North American Datum of 1983.
      The ellipsoid used is GRS1980.
      The semi-major axis of the ellipsoid used is 6378137.
      The flattening of the ellipsoid used is 1/298.257222.

  7. How does the data set describe geographic features?

    Income and employment in the United States, 1989-1990 (described by bea005p020.dbf)
    Estimates of total personal income, per capita personal income, annual number of full-time and part-time jobs, average wage per job (in dollars), population, and per capita number of jobs for the years 1989 and 1990. (Source: National Atlas of the United States)

    Shape
    The representation of the entity in the data. (Source: National Atlas of the United States)

    ValueDefinition
    Polygon2-dimensional element.

    Area
    The size of the shape in coverage units. In the distributed file, coverage units represent square decimal degrees. (Source: National Atlas of the United States)

    Range of values
    Minimum:0.000
    Maximum:79.415

    Perimeter
    The perimeter of the shape in coverage units. In the distributed file, coverage units represent decimal degrees. (Source: National Atlas of the United States)

    Range of values
    Minimum:0.012
    Maximum:87.571

    Bea005p020
    Internal feature number. (Source: National Atlas of the United States)

    Range of values
    Minimum:2
    Maximum:5973

    Bea_fips
    The 5-digit FIPS code of the county or county equivalent that is used by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. (Source: National Atlas of the United States)

    Formal codeset
    Codeset Name:Bureau of Economic Analysis Economic Area Component County List (ECONLIST.PRN), Regional Economic Information System, 1969-2002 CD-ROM, June 2004.
    Codeset Source:U.S. Department of Commerce, Economic and Statistics Administration, Bureau of Economic Analysis

    Areatitle
    The name of the county or county equivalent that is used by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. (Source: National Atlas of the United States)

    Formal codeset
    Codeset Name:Bureau of Economic Analysis Economic Area Component County List (ECONLIST.PRN), Regional Economic Information System, 1969-2002 CD-ROM, June 2004.
    Codeset Source:U.S. Department of Commerce, Economic and Statistics Administration, Bureau of Economic Analysis

    State
    The two-character abbreviation for the name of the State or State equivalent in which the county is located. (Source: National Atlas of the United States)

    Formal codeset
    Codeset Name:Codes for the Identification of the States, the District of Columbia and the Outlying Areas of the United States, and Associated Areas; (Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 5-2): Washington, DC, National Institute of Standards and Technology.
    Codeset Source:U.S. Department of Commerce

    State_fips
    The 2-digit FIPS code of the State or State equivalent. (Source: National Atlas of the United States)

    Formal codeset
    Codeset Name:Counties and Equivalent Entities of the United States, Its Possessions, and Associated Areas, FIPS 6-4, 1990.
    Codeset Source:U.S. Department of Commerce, National Institute of Standards and Technology

    A13_ZZZZ

    Estimated total personal income for the county, in thousands of dollars, for the year ZZZZ. The personal income for a county is the income that is received by, or on behalf of, all the residents of that county. It is calculated as the sum of wage and salary disbursements, other labor income, proprietors' income with inventory valuation and capital consumption adjustments, rental income of persons with capital consumption adjustment, personal dividend income, personal interest income, and transfer payments to persons, less personal contributions for social insurance. All dollar estimates are in current dollars, not adjusted for inflation. (Source: National Atlas of the United States)

    Range of values
    Minimum:2347
    Maximum:193796148

    B13_ZZZZ
    Estimated per capita personal income for the county, for the year ZZZZ. Per capita personal income is calculated as the total personal income of the residents of a county divided by the resident population of the county. The Census Bureau's annual midyear population estimates were used in the computation. All dollar estimates are in current dollars, not adjusted for inflation. (Source: National Atlas of the United States)

    Range of values
    Minimum:4853
    Maximum:50230

    A34_ZZZZ
    Average annual number of jobs for the county, for the year ZZZZ. The annual number of jobs includes all full-time and part-time jobs for which wages and salaries are paid, except jury and witness service and paid employment of prisoners. The jobs are counted at equal weight, and employees, sole proprietors, and active partners are all included. Unpaid family workers and volunteers are not included. (Source: National Atlas of the United States)

    Range of values
    Minimum:21
    Maximum:4556637

    B34_ZZZZ
    Average wage per job for the county, for the year ZZZZ. The average wage per job is the wage and salary disbursements divided by the number of wage and salary jobs in the county. Wage and salary disbursements consist of the monetary remuneration of employees, including the compensation of corporate officers; commissions, tips, and bonuses; and receipts in kind, or pay-in-kind, such as the meals furnished to the employees of restaurants. It reflects the amount of payments disbursed, but not necessarily earned during the year. All dollar estimates are in current dollars, not adjusted for inflation. (Source: National Atlas of the United States)

    Range of values
    Minimum:8525
    Maximum:52278

    Pop_ZZZZ
    The resident population for the county, for the year ZZZZ. This is the Census Bureau's annual midyear population estimate. (Source: National Atlas of the United States)

    Range of values
    Minimum:105
    Maximum:8878157

    Job_ZZZZ
    The estimated per capita number of jobs for the county, for the year ZZZZ. Per capita number of jobs is calculated as the average annual number of jobs in the county divided by the resident population of the county. The Census Bureau's annual midyear population estimates were used in the computation. (Source: National Atlas of the United States)

    Range of values
    Minimum:0.074
    Maximum:2.635


Who produced the data set?

  1. Who are the originators of the data set? (may include formal authors, digital compilers, and editors)

    • National Atlas of the United States

  2. Who also contributed to the data set?

  3. To whom should users address questions about the data?

    Gita Urban-Mathieux
    National Atlas of the United States
    12201 Sunrise Valley Dr
    Reston, VA 20192

    703-648-5175 (voice)
    atlasmail@usgs.gov


Why was the data set created?

These data are intended for geographic display and analysis at the national level, and for large regional areas. The data should be displayed and analyzed at scales appropriate for 1:2,000,000-scale data. No responsibility is assumed by the National Atlas of the United States in the use of these data.


How was the data set created?

  1. From what previous works were the data drawn?

    ATLAS-1990CNTY (source 1 of 4)
    National Atlas of the United States, 200207, 1990 County Boundaries of the United States: National Atlas of the United States, Reston, VA.

    Type_of_Source_Media: Online
    Source_Scale_Denominator: 2000000
    Source_Contribution: Spatial and attribute information

    BEA-REIS2004 (source 2 of 4)
    Bureau of Economic Analysis, Economic and Statistics Administration, , 200406, Regional Economic Information System, 1969-2002: Bureau of Economic Analysis, Washington, DC.

    Type_of_Source_Media: CD-ROM
    Source_Contribution: Spatial and attribute information

    ATLAS-INCOME_90_04 (source 3 of 4)
    National Atlas of the United States, 200411, Income and Employment in the United States, 1989-1990: National Atlas of the United States, Reston, VA.

    Type_of_Source_Media: Online
    Source_Scale_Denominator: 2000000
    Source_Contribution: Spatial and attribute information

    BEA-REIS2005 (source 4 of 4)
    Bureau of Economic Analysis, Economic and Statistics Administration, , 200505, Regional Economic Information System, 1969-2003: Bureau of Economic Analysis, Washington, DC.

    Type_of_Source_Media: CD-ROM
    Source_Contribution: Attribute information

  2. How were the data generated, processed, and modified?

    Date: Oct-2004 (process 1 of 2)
    Boundaries for Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the water bodies were deleted from ATLAS-1990CNTY. Using information from the file CA13FN.TXT on BEA-REIS2004, the following counties were adjusted to reflect the boundaries in effect between 1979 and 1981:
     Lake and Peninsula Borough merged into Dillingham Census Area, Alaska
     Yellowstone National Park merged into Park and Gallatin counties,
         Montana
    
    The information in the file ECONLIST.PRN on BEA-REIS2004 was used to merge the following counties and cities in Virginia:
     Albemarle County and Charlottesville
     Alleghany County, Clifton Forge, and Covington
     Augusta County, Staunton, and Waynesboro
     Bedford County and Bedford city
     Campbell County and Lynchburg
     Carroll County and Galax
     Dinwiddie County, Colonial Heights, and Petersburg
     Fairfax County, Fairfax City, and Falls Church
     Frederick County and Winchester
     Greensville County and Emporia
     Henry County and Martinsville
     James City County and Williamsburg
     Montgomery County and Radford
     Pittsylvania County and Danville
     Prince George County and Hopewell
     Prince William County, Manassas, and Manassas Park
     Roanoke County and Salem
     Rockbridge County, Buena Vista, and Lexington
     Rockingham County and Harrisonburg
     Southampton County and Franklin
     Halifax County and South Boston
     Spotsylvania County and Fredericksburg
     Washington County and Bristol
     Wise County and Norton
     York County and Poquoson
    
    
    From BEA-REIS2004, the files containing total personal income, per capita personal income, annual number of full-time and part-time jobs, and average wage per job information (ca13.dfx and ca34.dfx) were extracted and loaded into a Microsoft Access database and then exported to text files. The text files were loaded into ArcView and records containing personal income, per capita personal income, annual number of full-time and part-time jobs, and average wage per job information were extracted and joined to the edited ATLAS-1990CNTY map layer. The resulting file was saved as a shapefile.

    Data sources used in this process:

    • ATLAS-1990CNTY
    • BEA-REIS2004

    Data sources produced in this process:

    • ATLAS-INCOME_90_04

    Date: Dec-2005 (process 2 of 2)
    From BEA-REIS2005, the file containing population (ca13.dfx) was extracted and loaded into Microsoft Excel. The records containing population were selected and exported to a text file. The text file was loaded into ArcView and joined to the ATLAS-INCOME_90_04 map layer. Fields to hold the per capita number of jobs for each year (1989-1990) were added. The per capita number of jobs was calculated by dividing population of the county into the average annual number of full-time and part-time jobs.

    Data sources used in this process:

    • ATLAS-INCOME_90_04
    • BEA-REIS2005

  3. What similar or related data should the user be aware of?

    National Atlas of the United States, 200603, Income and Employment in the United States, 1979-1981: National Atlas of the United States, Reston, VA.

    Online Links:

    National Atlas of the United States, 200603, Income and Employment in the United States, 1982: National Atlas of the United States, Reston, VA.

    Online Links:

    National Atlas of the United States, 200603, Income and Employment in the United States, 1983-1987: National Atlas of the United States, Reston, VA.

    Online Links:

    National Atlas of the United States, 200603, Income and Employment in the United States, 1988: National Atlas of the United States, Reston, VA.

    Online Links:

    National Atlas of the United States, 200603, Income and Employment in the United States, 1991-1992: National Atlas of the United States, Reston, VA.

    Online Links:

    National Atlas of the United States, 200603, Income and Employment in the United States, 1993-2001: National Atlas of the United States, Reston, VA.

    Online Links:

    National Atlas of the United States, 200603, Income and Employment in the United States, 2002-2003: National Atlas of the United States, Reston, VA.

    Online Links:


How reliable are the data; what problems remain in the data set?

  1. How well have the observations been checked?

  2. How accurate are the geographic locations?

  3. How accurate are the heights or depths?

  4. Where are the gaps in the data? What is missing?

    This map layer includes estimates from the Bureau of Economic Analysis, Economic and Statistics Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce for total personal income, per capita personal income, annual number of full- time and part-time jobs, average wage per job in dollars, population, and per capita number of jobs. It is based on county data for all 50 States and the District of Columbia and is for the years 1989 and 1990.

  5. How consistent are the relationships among the observations, including topology?

    The map layer was checked for topological consistency using the ArcInfo command BUILD. No other checks for logical consistency were performed on this map layer.


How can someone get a copy of the data set?

Are there legal restrictions on access or use of the data?

Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
None. Acknowledgment of the National Atlas of the United States of America would be appreciated in products derived from these data.

  1. Who distributes the data set? (Distributor 1 of 1)

    Earth Science Information Center, U.S. Geological Survey
    507 National Center
    Reston, VA 20192

    1-888-ASK-USGS (1-888-275-8747) (voice)

    Contact_Instructions:
    In addition to the address above there are other ESIC offices throughout the country. A full list of these offices is at <http://geography.usgs.gov/esic/esic_index.html>
  2. What's the catalog number I need to order this data set?

  3. What legal disclaimers am I supposed to read?

    Although these data have been processed successfully on a computer system at the U.S. Geological Survey, no warranty expressed or implied is made by the U.S. Geological Survey regarding the utility of the data on any other system, nor shall the act of distribution constitute any such warranty. No responsibility is assumed by the U.S. Geological Survey in the use of these data.

  4. How can I download or order the data?


Who wrote the metadata?

Dates:
Last modified: 24-Jan-2006
Metadata author:
Gita Urban-Mathieux
National Atlas of the United States
12201 Sunrise Valley Dr
Reston, VA 20192

703-648-5175 (voice)
atlasmail@usgs.gov

Metadata standard:
FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata (FGDC-STD-001-1998)



 


Generated by mp version 2.8.16 on Wed Mar 29 16:13:32 2006